The Indonesian province of Riau on the island of Sumatra has pledged to stop destruction of its forests and carbon-rich peatlands in an effort to reduce carbon emissions from deforestation by 50 percent by 2009.
Riau Governor Wan Abu Bakar announced the temporary ban — which will remain in place until signed into law — at a ceremony in the provincial capital Pekanbaru.
"The moratorium is an important first step and an opportunity for the local government, forest communities and other stakeholders to improve forest governance," said Arief Wicaksono, Greenpeace Southeast Asia's Political Advisor.
Riau is seeking to cash in on the proposed REDD mechanism, a scheme that would pay countries for reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation. Other Indonesian provinces — including Papua and Aceh — are already moving forward with initiatives to avoid emissions of greenhouse gases by conserving forests. Due to forest clearing and destruction, Indonesia is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases after the United States and China.
Reining in deforestation in Riau means the province will scale back plans to triple the area of land under oil palm cultivation. Oil palm — used in the production of palm oil — is presently the largest driver of forest clearing in the province, which accounts for 25 percent of Indonesia's oil palm estate. A study released in February estimated that deforestation of 4.2 million hectares of tropical forest and peat swamp in Riau over the past 25 years has generated 3.7 gigatons of carbon dioxide emissions. Expansion of oil palm by another 200 percent would encroach on particularly carbon-rich ecosystems, resulting in the potential emission of 14.6 billion tons of carbon, according to Greenpeace. The activist group notes that the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) will consider a proposal to ban conversion of Southeast Asian forests for palm oil production at its annual meeting in November.
The tripling of the price of palm oil since early 2005 has been linked to rising demand for crude oil, which has effectively driven up the price of all other vegetable oils. Producers in the U.S. and Europe have been diverting vegetable oils (canola/rapeseed and soy) and other agricultural feedstocks (especially corn) to the production of biofuels, buoying the high price for grains and oilseeds worldwide. While palm oil holds great potential as a feedstock for biodiesel production, prices are presently too high to make the process viable — roughly 80 percent of the cost of biodiesel is the price of its feedstock. As such most palm oil is currently used in food products, cosmetics, and for industrial purposes — less than one percent of Malaysia's 2007 production was used for biodiesel. Still the industry has high hopes to eventually use more palm oil as a biodiesel feedstock.
"River for Life"
Direktur Eksekutif Perkumpulan Elang
Phone (0761) 42909
Perkumpulan Elang is small NGO to address water resource management issues in Riau province. It works with community groups to spread information and awareness in order to strengthen their position with respect to equitable and sustainable watershed management. It lobbies for policy change at local and national levels to protect watersheds and river systems from land use change and pollution and to promote pro-community water resource conservation policies. Perkumpulan Elang also carries out research to support community-based natural resource management